How To Stop A Dog From Resource Guarding A Person: A Comprehensive Guide

Last Updated on: May 9, 2024

Resource guarding in dogs is a behavior that can pose serious challenges for pet owners. Dogs may resource guard due to fear, insecurity, or a natural instinct to protect what they perceive as valuable.

Let’s understand how to stop a dog from resource guarding a person. Whether you’re a seasoned dog owner or a first-time pet parent, you must build a stronger, more trusting bond with your furry friend while ensuring a peaceful coexistence in your home.

Understanding Your Dog’s Resource Guarding Behavior

Resource guarding is a behavior exhibited by dogs, where they attempt to control or protect access to items or people they perceive as valuable. This behavior is deeply rooted in their natural instincts and can manifest in various forms, from growling and barking to more aggressive actions.

Resource guarding is not limited to objects.

It can extend to guarding food, toys, spaces, or even people. When a dog resource guards a person, it means they are displaying possessive or protective behavior towards that individual, and this can have serious implications for the dog-owner relationship.

Common triggers and scenarios where dogs may guard people often include situations where the dog feels threatened, anxious, or uncertain. These may include encounters with strangers, other animals, or even family members they view as potential threats to their resources.

Recognizing signs of resource guarding is crucial for effective intervention.

These signs may manifest as subtle body language, such as stiffening, averted gaze, or freezing, or more overt actions like growling, snapping, or biting. Identifying these signals early is key to addressing the issue before it escalates.

The psychology behind resource guarding is complex and often rooted in a dog’s survival instincts. Dogs may engage in this behavior due to fear, a new dog, past negative experiences, or learned behavior. 

Understanding the underlying motivations can help in devising appropriate training and management strategies to modify their response and build trust.

Assessing the Severity of Resource Guarding

Resource guarding can range from mild. In the first case, the dog shows minimal aggression or possessiveness. But in moderate cases, the behavior is more pronounced and potentially dangerous. Finally, in severe cases, the dog exhibits intense behavior, like food aggression, and may pose a significant risk to the dog owner or other new dog.

Recognizing the level of severity helps in determining the appropriate approach for intervention for both dog A and dog B (mild and severe respectively).

Failing to address resource guarding can have serious consequences.

In mild cases, it may result in minor conflicts or discomfort within the household.

However, in moderate to severe cases, the risks escalate. Untreated resource guarding can lead to injuries to people or other animals, strained relationships, and a decrease in the dog’s overall quality of life.

Moreover, it can exacerbate the dog’s anxiety and aggression issues over time.

When dealing with moderate to severe resource guarding cases, seeking the expertise of a professional dog trainer or behaviorist (i.e., from Doggy Dan) is highly advisable. These experts have the knowledge and experience to assess the specific behaviors, triggers, and underlying causes of resource guarding. 

They can then design a customized dog training plan that addresses the dog’s unique needs, ensuring the safety of all parties involved. Professional guidance is especially crucial when there is a history of aggression or if the behavior poses a significant risk. 

Collaborating with a professional can make a substantial difference in the successful resolution of resource guarding issues while minimizing potential harm.

Prevention and Early Intervention

Preventing and addressing resource guarding at an early stage is essential for a harmonious relationship between dog owner and dog.

You must start early by exposing your puppy to various people, animals, and environments. This socialization process helps build your dog’s confidence and reduces anxiety in unfamiliar situations.

Additionally, basic dog training commands such as “sit,” “stay,” and “leave it” should be introduced during puppyhood. These commands lay the foundation for future obedience and resource-sharing behavior.

Basic obedience commands are invaluable tools in preventing and managing resource guard behavior. Commands like “drop it,” “leave it,” and “wait” can be used to redirect attention and maintain control over situations involving dog resource situations.

Consistent reinforcement of these dog training commands builds a solid foundation of respect and trust between you and your dog.

Pay close attention to your dog’s behavior modification, especially when they are interacting with people or resources. Early signs of resource guard may include stiffening, growling, or subtle body language changes.

If you notice these signs, it’s crucial not to ignore them.

Instead, address them immediately by using positive reinforcement techniques to encourage sharing and cooperative behavior. Early intervention can prevent the behavior from escalating into a more significant issue.

By proactively incorporating these strategies into your dog’s upbringing, you can lay the groundwork for a well-adjusted and socially confident canine companion. Remember that early prevention and intervention are key to addressing resource guarding effectively and ensuring a happy and safe environment for both you and your dog.

Build Trust and Positive Associations

Establishing trust and fostering positive associations are fundamental in resolving resource guarding issues. Trust is the cornerstone of any successful relationship with your dog, especially when dealing with resource guarding.

A dog that trusts you is more likely to feel secure and less inclined to dog resource guard. Trust is built through consistent, positive interactions, and it’s essential to reinforce this trust throughout your training journey.

Positive reinforcement involves rewarding desired behaviors with treats, praise, or other forms of positive stimuli. When addressing resource guarding, it’s vital to create positive associations with the presence of people or other dogs near valuable resources.

For example, when your dog willingly shares a toy or food, reward them generously with treats and praise. This helps your dog associate positive outcomes with resource-sharing rather than guarding.

Reward-based training can help modify resource guarding behavior.

Instead of punishing your dog for guarding, focus on rewarding them for desirable behavior. Encourage your dog to voluntarily release a resource by offering a high-value treat in exchange. Over time, this teaches your dog that giving up a resource results in something even better.

By emphasizing trust-building and positive reinforcement in your training approach, you can transform your dog’s perception of resource sharing from a potential threat to an opportunity for rewards and pleasant interactions.

This not only addresses resource guarding but also strengthens your bond with your canine companion.

Desensitization and Counterconditioning

Desensitization and counterconditioning are powerful techniques for addressing resource guarding.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to desensitize your dog to resource guarding triggers:

  • Identify the specific triggers that prompt resource guarding behaviors. These triggers could be people approaching, touching, or coming near valuable items.
  • Start with a low-intensity version of the trigger. For example, if your dog guards their food bowl, begin by standing a few feet away while they eat.
  • Gradually decrease the distance or intensity of the trigger over time as your dog becomes more comfortable. Use a leash or gate to maintain control and safety.
  • Reward your dog for remaining calm and relaxed during each step of the process. Treats, praise, and petting can help create positive associations.
  • Continue this gradual exposure until your dog is comfortable with people approaching their resources without exhibiting guarding behaviors.

Here are some of the most effective techniques for counterconditioning to change your dog’s emotional response:

  • Counterconditioning involves changing your dog’s emotional response to the trigger. When someone approaches a resource, instead of feeling threatened, your dog should associate it with positive experiences.
  • Have the trigger approach, but at a distance where your dog remains calm. As they approach, offer high-value treats or engage in a fun game.
  • Gradually decrease the distance between the person and the resource while maintaining positive experiences.
  • If at any point your dog shows signs of guarding, increase the distance again and proceed more slowly.

Consistency is key; practice these sessions regularly to reinforce the positive associations!

Gradual Exposure and Controlled Scenarios

Controlled training sessions are pivotal in addressing resource guarding. Start with less valuable items and work your way up, using commands like “leave it” or “drop it” to encourage resource sharing.

Reward your dog generously for compliance, gradually increasing the complexity by involving multiple people or objects.

Safety is paramount when introducing new dogs or items.

Begin with calm and predictable individuals who understand dog behavior. Allow your dog to acclimate from a distance before closer interactions, reinforcing calm behavior with positive reinforcement. Always supervise and be prepared to intervene.

Keep records of your dog’s progress, noting improvements and setbacks. Be adaptable; adjust your plan if challenges arise or if your dog displays discomfort. If issues persist or escalate, consider consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist for guidance.

Implementing Management Strategies

Utilizing various tools and techniques can help manage resource guarding during training. Muzzle training, for instance, can be an effective safety measure while working on more challenging scenarios.

Additionally, using baby gates or physical barriers can limit access to certain areas or resources, allowing for controlled training sessions. These tools ensure safety but should not replace the core training methods based on trust and positive associations.

Crates, baby gates, and leashes can play pivotal roles in managing resource guarding situations. A crate can provide a safe space where your dog can enjoy their resources without the need for guarding. 

Baby gates help control access to specific areas.

This will help prevent your dog from guarding spaces. Leashes can maintain control during training sessions, allowing you to redirect your dog’s attention or intervene if necessary.

Safety is paramount when dealing with resource guarding.

Ensure that all family members understand the training plan and consistently follow safety protocols. Educate children about respecting the dog’s space and resources. Supervise interactions between the dog and any new people or pets.

Be proactive in managing the dog’s environment to minimize potential conflicts or food aggression and prioritize the safety and well-being of everyone involved.

Understand When It’s Time To Seek Professional Help

Recognizing the right time to seek professional assistance is crucial when dealing with resource guarding. If your dog displays moderate to severe resource guarding behavior, such as aggressive reactions, or if there is a history of biting, it’s essential to consult a professional dog trainer or behaviorist. 

Additionally, if your efforts to address the issue at home have been ineffective or if the behavior is causing significant stress or conflicts within your household, professional help should be sought promptly.

Professional dog trainers and behaviorists bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to the table, particularly in complex resource-guarding cases. They can conduct a thorough assessment to identify the underlying causes of the behavior.

Based on their findings, they can tailor a customized training plan and provide expert guidance on managing and modifying the behavior effectively. 

Their expertise extends to recognizing subtle nuances in dog behavior and making necessary adjustments to ensure progress. Professional guidance not only increases the chances of success but also minimizes the risks associated with resource guarding behavior.

Collaboration between you, your dog, and the professional trainer or behaviorist is key to achieving the best results against possessive aggression.

Be actively involved in the training process.

Learn from the expert’s guidance and implement their recommendations at home. 

Effective communication with the professional is essential to address any concerns or difficulties that may arise during the training journey. By working collaboratively with experts, you can maximize the chances of successfully resolving resource-guarding issues and ensuring a safe and harmonious environment for your dog and your family.

Maintaining a Resource-Friendly Environment

A low-stress environment plays a crucial role in preventing possessive aggression triggers. Minimize potential stressors by establishing a predictable daily routine for your dog. Ensure they have a safe, quiet space where they can retreat if needed.

Reduce loud noises and chaotic situations that could cause anxiety.

By creating a calm and consistent atmosphere, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of resource guarding incidents.

In multi-dog households, managing resources effectively is essential to prevent conflicts. Feed dogs separately to avoid competition over food. Provide multiple feeding stations, water bowls, and toys to reduce the need for sharing limited resources. 

Supervise interactions between dogs during playtime and when valuable items are present. Utilize separate spaces or crates if necessary. Consistency in these strategies helps maintain peace among your canine companions.

Encourage ongoing resource-sharing behavior by reinforcing positive interactions.

Incorporate training sessions that involve sharing resources and reward each dog for cooperative behavior. Use commands like “wait” and “take turns” to teach dogs to await their turn patiently.

Additionally, practice group obedience training to promote respectful behavior in multi-dog settings. By consistently reinforcing these behaviors, you can create a culture of resource-sharing and cooperation among your dogs, reducing the likelihood of resource guarding issues.

Bottom Line

Resolving resource guarding in dogs, especially when it involves guarding people demands patience, commitment, and a deep understanding of canine behavior. You must understand the roots of resource guarding, assess its severity, and then move to prevention, early intervention, and building trust and positive reinforcement.

Seeking professional help when needed can be a game-changer in complex cases, and collaborative efforts with experts can lead to lasting success.

Finally, creating a resource-friendly environment, especially in multi-dog households, and teaching ongoing resource-sharing behavior fosters harmonious living for both dogs and their human companions.


What is resource guarding in dogs?

Resource guarding in dogs is a behavior where a dog displays possessiveness or aggressive behavior when it perceives a valuable resource, such as food, toys, or people, to be at risk of being taken away.

Can resource guarding be prevented in puppies?

Yes, you can prevent resource guarding in puppies through proper socialization and training. 

When should I seek professional help for resource guarding?

You should consider consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if your dog displays moderate to severe resource-guarding behaviors, especially if it involves aggressive behavior or a history of biting.

Can resource guarding be completely eliminated in dogs?

Complete elimination of resource guarding can be challenging. But your goal is not to remove a dog’s instinct to protect resources entirely. You must modify their response and build trust so it becomes less intense and less likely to occur.

Is punishment an effective way to stop resource guarding in dogs?

Punishment is generally not recommended for addressing resource guarding as it can escalate the possessive aggression behavior.

© 2024 Creature Clinic - All Rights Reserved is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites.